Basic steps needed to protect your computer from unauthorized user and over the internet when browsing in web

Taking steps to prevent unauthorized user from having access to your computer system or devices is very important for a wide number of reasons, this include preventing them from installing spyware and deleting your important files or even creating viruses that may cause damage to your computer system or device. By making changes to your computer to prevent unauthorized user from access it, you are also protecting your personal privacy.

In today’s world of computer age and persistent threats from hackers, have made protecting the computer system a must.  The key pathway through which malware attacks the computer system is the internet and its popular service through the Web.

There are numerous ways to protect, limit access and remove malware from your computers system. One method is enough to ensure your computer is secure and protect from unauthorized user from having access to your computer system or any devices you own and two is to protect you mostly over the internet.

Most users are interested in taking steps to prevent others from accessing their computer, whether it is to protect yourself from malware or to ensure that your private information in the computer is safe, having a secured computer can definitely provide peace of mind. This post contains detail on many ways you can secure you computer against others user also in the internet as well. To proceed, you may read through each section or choose one that interests you from the below list.

Note: The more layers of defense on your computer or devices the harder for hackers to use your computer. Here are basic simple steps and guide to help you protect your computer system and device, these basic simple steps contains all the proper tips to help you secure your computer and prevent unauthorized user from accessing your files on both the Windows and Macintosh operating systems and tips that will guide you over the internet when stuffing the net.

Creating passwords and passphrases

Passwords vs Passphrases

A password is a string of characters used to access information on a computer, that is to say no one will have access to the computer except the owner of that computer. Passphrases on the other hand are typically longer than passwords, they are use for added security and contain multiple words that create a phrase. Passwords and passphrases help prevent unauthorized user from accessing files, programs, having access to other resources in the computer. When you create a password or passphrase, you should make it stronger, which means it should be difficult to guess or crack. It’s a good idea to use strong passwords on all user accounts on your computer. If you’re using a workplace network, your network administrator might require you to use a stronger password.

Creating password has been set for your computer’s operating system. The best way to keep someone out from your computer system so as not to allow them having access to your accounts and personal information is to not let them on your machine in the first place, you can do this by creating a strong password that cannot be guess easily. You can always create additional accounts for them (guests).

Enable password protection on your computer system is necessary if it is not already set up, make sure you are using a personal password you have chosen not the default password.

Tips for creating stronger password

  • When creating your password, be sure to incorporate with numbers or special characters to make it difficult for others to guess.
  • Change your password often, at least every 2 months or when someone has notice it.
  • Do not leave your password written down in a place where others can easily find it.
  • A password should be at least eight characters long while a passphrases is 20 to 30 characters long.
  • A password or phrase do not contain your user name, real name, company name, nick name or anything writing that can be easily guess.
  • A series of words can be use to create a passphrase, do not contain common phrases found in literature or music.
  • When creating a password or passphrase, do not use a complete word, and it should be significantly different from previous passwords when changed.

Steps in pass-wording the computer

  1. Click start/menu button
  2. Select and click control panel
  3. Select and click User Accounts and Family Safety
  4. Click Change your Window password
  5. Click create a password for your account
  6. In the New password area, type in a password
  7. Re-type the password in the confirm password area
  8. Type in a password hint if you wish
  9. Click create password gaining access

Note, when creating a password, if your password was typed with capital or small letter, they must be type the same way every time the computer request for password.

How to change the current password

  1. Repeat the above steps from 1 to 4
  2. Click change your password
  3. type in the current password you are using
  4. Type in a new password and then confirm the password.
  5. Create a password hint if you wish
  6. Lastly click change password and the formal password will automatically changed

How to remove your password

  • Repeat the above steps from 1 to 4
  • Click Remove your password
  • Type in your current password
  • Click Remove password

How to Change your account picture

changing the account password

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Repeat the above steps from 1 to 4
  • Click on Change your Picture
  • Select any picture or Click browse picture to get picture from your computer
  • When done, click change picture

How to change your account name

  • Repeat the above steps from 1 to 4
  • Click on Change your account name
  • Type in a New name
  • Click change name

How to change Your Account Type

  • Repeat the above steps from 1 to 4
  • Click change account type

Note, when click will direct you to a window, this window can only respond to you if there is more than one account created in your computer system.

How to manage another account

https://learncomputer.com.ng/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/managing-guest-account-setting.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This gives owner of the computer system access to manage other accounts that is creating a Guest account on the computer system for another user to be accessing instead of their own admin account.

  • Repeat the above steps from 1 to 4
  • Click on manage account
  • Click on Guest account icon to turn it ON/OFF (skip this step if you wish creating a new account)
  • Click on create a new account for creating another guest account.
  • In the next window that appears type in the name of the account and.
  • Select a user format (standard user or administrator)
  • When done click on Create Account

How user account control (UAC) setting works

This helps you to prevent potentially harmful programs from making changes to your computer system. It notifies you before changes are made to your computer that requires administrator-level permission. The default UAC setting notifies you when programs try to make changes to your computer, but you can control how often you are notified by UAC by adjusting the settings.

user account control settings (UAC)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The following image provides a description of the UAC settings and the potential impact of each setting to the security of your computer.

Reasons for password protection

Know that the first line of defense is maintaining the system security, my advice for you is to have a strong and complex passwords. Complex passwords are difficult for the hackers to find. Use a password that is at least 8 characters in length and include a combination of numbers, letters that are both upper and lower case and a special character. Hackers use certain tools to break easy passwords in few minutes. One recent study showed that a 6 character password with all lower case letters can be broken in less than 6 minutes.

System protection using firewall, antivirus and spyware

The above guide and steps is for physical protection, less talk about the next step to protect the computer after password or phrase which can be refers to as the internal protection i.e protecting the computer over the internet. We highly recommend all computer users to have a firewall solution, there are two ways a firewall can protect your computer and network which we are going to discuss. When seeking to protect the computer over the internet, the first thing to have in mind is as follows:

Install Firewall

Firewalls enhance the role of a security guard in the computer and they are of two types a software and hardware firewall. Each serves similar, but different purposes. A hardware firewall will protect all the computers and its components connected to the network and can often be set up through the network router while the software firewall requires you to install software that will protect only that specific computer over the internet.

A firewall is the first step to provide security to the computer over the internet. It creates a barrier between the computer and any unauthorized program trying to come in through over  the Internet. If you are using a system at home, turn on the firewall permanently. It keeps you aware if there are any unauthorized efforts trying to hack through your system.

Install Antivirus Software

Antivirus is another means to protect the computer over the internet hackers. It is software that helps to protect the computer from any unauthorized code or software that creates a threat to the computer system in the web. Unauthorized software includes viruses, keyloggers, malware, trojans etc. This might slow down the processing speed of your computer, delete important files and access personal information. Even if your system is virus free, you must install antivirus software to prevent the system from further attack of virus.

Install Anti-Spyware Software

Spyware similar to antivirus is a software program that collects individual personal information or information about an organization without their approval organization administrator then this information is now redirected to a third party website. Spyware are designed in such a way that they are not easy to be removed once they have access into a computer. Anti-Spyware software is solely dedicated to combat spyware. Similar to antivirus software, anti-spyware software offers real time protection. It scans all the incoming information organization and helps in blocking the threat once detected. Comodo Free Antivirus comes with spyware protection built in.

Reasons for antivirus and spyware

To prevent hackers or other programs from spying on your Internet habits, collecting your passwords and credit card data, so be sure to install antivirus software or spyware protection because this plays a major role in real time protection in the computer, it has advantage of detecting threats, helps computers and the information in it to be safe. Some advanced antivirus programs provide automatic updates, this further helps to protect the PC from newly created viruses. Antivirus software may include advanced features such as email protection, blocking of pop-ups and identify theft over the internet.

How to handle e-mail to avoid virus attack

Today, e-mail is one of the most popular features on the Internet. Being able to identify threats sent through e-mail can help keep your computer and your personal information safe. Below are some basic caution and thing to avoid when reading email over the internet and the most common threats you may encounter while using e-mail.

  • Never open or run e-mail attachments from addresses with which you are not familiar. Viruses, spyware, and other malware are commonly distributed through e-mails that have attachments. For example, an e-mail may want you to open an attachment of claiming to be a funny video, when it’s really a virus Open email attachments only if you trust the party that sent it. Many times, email attachments will house viruses and malicious spyware that will allow unauthorized access to your computer system.
  • Ignore or delete phishing emails, which are email messages that masquerade as official emails from your bank or shipping companies that want you to divulge sensitive and private information of you, such as your social security number, passwords and more.

Check on the Security Settings of the Browser

Browsers have various security and privacy settings that you should review and set to the level you desire. Recent browsers give you ability to tell web sites to not track your movements, increasing your privacy and security. My advice this for you is to go through your browser setting and ensure they are properly set before visiting the internet.